WAEC 2019 Geography Question & Answer





(i) Availability of labour
(ii) Availability of capital
(iii) Nearness to source of power
(iv) Adequate transport network
(v) Nearness to market
(vi) Proximity to source of raw materials.
(i) It creates more employment
(ii) It increases state and local government revenue
(iii) It brings development
(iv) It brings civilization
(v) It also brings new technologies


total population = 3.2+5.4+7.4+6.5+4.2
= 26.7million
Total land area = (40,000+98,000+35,000+120,000+36,000)km^2
= 479,000km^2
Population density of country B= Total population of B/Land area of B
= 26,700,000/ 479,000
= 55.7 person/sqkm

(i)Agriculture: Areas with well developed farming of crops or animals are often densely populated.
(ii) Secondary industry: Those areas in which manufacturing has developed tend to be densely populated. It is worth noting that even in old industrial areas in which manufacturing has declined or even closed, population densities may remain high.
(iii) Accessibility: Areas with well developed transport infrastructure and links through road, rail, shipping, canals and air are likely to be more densely populated than areas which are poorly connected
(iv)Conflict: Wars and conflicts can lead to significant movements of population and a simultaneous decrease in density in some areas while others may increase.

(i) Reduced mortality rate
(ii) Better medical facilities
(iii) High birth rate


(3a)(Pick three)

(I)it provide door to door services ie it can get to anywhere within the country
(II)it makes goods available where they are scare
(III)Road facilitate the movement of people within a short distance
(IV)it feeds water ,rail and air transportation
(V)It is the most common means of transportation

(Pick three)

(I)Roads are very expensive to construct and maintain

(II)Roads are difficult to construct, especially in highlands and swampy areas

(III)Amount of goods and passengers carried by roads is limited

(IV)Road are more proned to accident than any other means of transportation

(V)They are more proned to damage,especially washouts caused by heavy rain

(Pick four)

(I)Agricultural raw material such as cocoa ,cotton,palm produce ,timber etc are mostly conveyed by road to the processing factories scattered all over the country

(II)it leads to increased agricultural, mineral and industrial production

(III)It aids the movement of people or labour and capital

(IV)it gives rise to employment opportunities

(V)It links areas of production with areas of com sump in a country




(i)Climatic conditions such as temperature and rainfall significantly influence the groundnut production. Warm and moist conditions are very favorable than cool and wet climate, which results in slow germination and seedling emergence, increasing the risk of seed rot and seedling diseases.

(ii) Temperature is a major environmental factor that determines the rate of crop development. Temperatures above 35°C inhibit the growth of groundnut. Optimum mean daily temperature to grow is 30°C and growth ceases at 15°C. For rapid emergence, soil temperature above 21°C is needed. The optimum temperature for the most rapid germination and seedling development is about 30°C.

(iii). A minimum 100 – day optimum temperature growing season is necessary for successful groundnut crop production. Adequate and well distributed rainfall during the growing season, especially during flowering, pegging and pod formation stages, is essential for maximum yield and quality of groundnut. Groundnut is grown in areas receiving 600 to 1500 mm of rainfall. However, the crop can be grown successfully with a rainfall of 1250 mm.



-Nigeria is one of the countries of the world with a variety of oil seeds notably groundnut, oil palm, soybean and cotton seeds. Vegetable oils are used principally for food (mostly as shortening, margarines, and salad and cooking oils) and in the manufacture of soap and other products.

-Groundnut is by far the most nutritive oil-seed used in West Africa. The kernels have an average fat and protein content of 75% and an energy value of 360 kcal/100g, compared to 60% and 430 kcal/100 g for soybeans.

-In Nigeria, Groundnut provides high quality cooking oil and is an important source of protein for both human and animal diet and also provides much needed foreign exchange by exporting kernels and cake.

– As population continues to grow the demand for edible oil in many developing countries such as Nigeria will also continue to grow.

-Groundnut will continue to be important in satisfying this growing demand because it is adaptable to a wide range of environments from sandy soils of the Sahel to favorable irrigated areas

(pick any FOUR)
(i) Tin
(ii) Gold
(iii) Coal
(iv) Iron ore
(v) Limestone
(vi) Petroleum

(pick any FOUR)
(i) Tin – Jos
(ii) Gold – Sokoto
(iii) Coal – Enugu
(iv) Iron ore – Lokoja
(v) Limestone – Sokoto
(vi) Petroleum – Warri

(i) It is a source of foreign exchange
(ii) Employment opportunities
(iii) It serves as raw materials for many industries

(i) Oil spillage
(ii) Health hazard which causes lung cancer
(iii) The natural gas and oil occur together and oil is highly flammable



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