Pharaoh decided to let the people of Israel go after suffering devastating plagues sent by God. God told Moses he would get glory over Pharaoh and prove that the Lord is God. After the Israelites left Egypt, the king changed his mind and was angry that he had lost his source of slave labor. He summoned his 600 best chariots, all the other chariots in the land, and marched his massive army in pursuit.
The Israelites seemed to be trapped. Mountains stood on one side, the Red Sea in front of them. When they saw Pharaoh’s soldiers coming, they were terrified. Grumbling against God and Moses, they said they would rather be slaves again than die in the desert.
Moses answered the people, “Do not be afraid. Stand firm and you will see the deliverance the LORD will bring you today. The Egyptians you see today you will never see again. The LORD will fight for you; you need only to be still.”
The angel of God, in a pillar of cloud , stood between the people and the Egyptians, protecting the Israelites. Then Moses stretched his hand out over the sea. The Lord caused a strong east wind to blow all night, parting the waters and turning the sea floor into dry land.
During the night, the Israelites fled through the Red Sea, a wall of water to their right and to their left. The Egyptian army charged in after them.
Watching the chariots race ahead, God threw the army into a panic, clogging their chariot wheels to slow them down.
Once the Israelites were safe on the other side, God commanded Moses to stretch out his hand again. As morning returned, the sea rolled back in, covering the Egyptian army, its chariots, and horses. Not one man survived.
After witnessing this great miracle, the people believed in the Lord and his servant Moses.
(i) Christians should learn from this incident never to doubt God in any situation
(ii) Another great lesson Christians should learn from this incident is to always do what God commands and obey his prophets
Amos denounced the high places of Israel and pronounced that God would rise against the house of Jeroboam II with sword. Then Amaziah, the priest of Bethel, sent word to king Jeroboam II that Amos had conspired against him and that the land was not able to bear all his words. He said that Jeroboam would die by the sword and is Israel must go into exile. To Amos, Amaziah said, o seer, go flee to the land of Judah, eat bread there, and prophesy there; but never again prophesy at Bethel. Amos replied! “I am no prophet, nor a prophets son;I am a herdsman, and a dresser of sycamore trees. The lord took me from following the flock to go and prophesy to my people, is real. Therefore, hear the word of the lord. For ordering me to shut up, your wife shall become harlot in the city; your sons and daughters shall fall by the sword. Your land shall be parceled out by line. You yourself shall die in and unclean land and is real shall surely go into exile away from its land”.
Those who oppose God should be condemned for the following two reasons: The lord God is our creator and sustainer; its is condemnable for people to oppose him. Besides, the opponents of God are evil to others, and could serve as snares to the righteous.
(i) Some men of God live extravagant lifestyle.
(ii) Some men of God extorts from the congregation.
(iii) People complain about their immoral behavior
When Jesus was arrested in the garden of Gathsemane, he was sent to the house of Caiaphas the high priest at that time where the Sanhedrin had met waiting to try him. Although their gathering was illegal according to Jewish law, they then agreed to kill Jesus. During the trial, they sought false testimony against Jesus in order to put him to death, but found none.
Later two false witnesses came forward and said Jesus said he can destroy the Jerusalem temple and rebuild it in three days but Jesus did not respond to any of the accusations and was silent.
The high priest stood up and said whether he had no answer and he still kept silent.
Then the high priest asked him if He was the Christ, the son of God. Jesus then responded by saying “that is what he has said and continued saying that they will see the son of man seated at the right hand of power and coming on the clouds of heaven.
The high priest the tore his clothes in anger and said Jesus has spoken blasphemy and concluded that they don’t need any witness again and therefore concluded that Jesus must be put to death.
[Pick Any TWO]
(i) People bear false witness against others due to jealousy
(ii) People bear false witness against others for favour
(iii) People bear false witness against others for fear of intimidation.
(iv) People bear false witness against others for financial and material gains
Peter advised the Christians living among non-Christians to abstain from fleshy lust since it battles against the soul.
He told them to engage in honest conversation among the Gentiles so that even if they speak against them, their good works would force the Gentiles to glorify God.
Peter told them to subject themselves to every human institution whether it is the Emperor himself or the Governors that have been sent to reward those who do good and punish those who do wrong. According to Peter, if they do this, they will put to silence the ignorance of foolish men.
He advised them to live as free men but should not use their freedom as a pretext to engage in evil. They should live as servants of God. They should honour all men, love the brotherhood, fear God and honour the emperor.
Peter explained that they would receive no glory if they are punished for doing the wrong thing, but if they are punished for doing the right thing and they endure, it is acceptable before God.
Peter concluded that Christ himself suffered the same faith. According to Peter, Jesus was reviled but he did not reply. Therefore, the people must copy Christ�s example.
(ii) Lack of faith
Stephen was charged as a blasphemer of God, and an apostate from the church; therefore he shows that he is a son of Abraham, and values himself on it. The slow steps by which the promise made to Abraham advanced toward performance, plainly show that it had a spiritual meaning, and that the land intended was the heavenly. God owned Joseph in his troubles, and was with him by the power of his Spirit, both on his own mind by giving him comfort, and on those he was concerned with, by giving him favour in their eyes. Stephen reminds the Jews of their mean beginning as a check to priding themselves in the glories of that nation. Likewise of the wickedness of the patriarchs of their tribes, in envying their brother Joseph; and the same spirit was still working in them toward Christ and his ministers. The faith of the patriarchs, in desiring to be buried in the land of Canaan, plainly showed they had regard to the heavenly country. It is well to recur to the first rise of
usages, or sentiments, which have been perverted. Would we know the nature and effects of justifying faith, we should study the character of the father of the faithful. His calling shows the power and freeness of Divine grace, and the nature of conversion. Here also we see that outward forms and distinctions are as nothing, compared with separation from the world, and devotedness to God